Abductive Reasoning

by Douglas Walton

Publisher: University Alabama Press

Written in English
Cover of: Abductive Reasoning | Douglas Walton
Published: Pages: 320 Downloads: 932
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Subjects:

  • Logic,
  • Reasoning,
  • Language Arts & Disciplines,
  • Philosophy,
  • Language,
  • Rhetoric,
  • Philosophy / Logic,
  • General,
  • Abduction (Logic)

  Abductive Cognition book. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. Thisvolumeexploresabductivecognition, animportantbut, atleastuntilthe /5(5). In this video, Geoff Pynn follows up on his introduction to critical thinking by exploring how abductive arguments give us reason to believe their conclusions. Good abductive arguments don't guarantee their conclusions, but give us very good reasons to believe their conclusions. This sort of inference is called "inference to the best explanation." Speaker: Dr. Geoff Pynn, . Deductive logic: Patrick Suppe's "Introduction to Logic", "Logic, language and meaning" by Gamut (a group of logicians) and Ted Sider's "Logic for Philosophy". Inductive logic: Hugh Mellor's "Probability: a philosophical introduction". Also, I di. Induction vs. Abduction. I read and re-read this article and still do not get the distinction between "induction" and "abduction". Though the authors presented a very learned discussion with careful symbolic logic to support their definition of "abduction", they made nary a mention of "induction", which it seems to me they were defining. 3, is my answer to the angel question, by the way.

The book concludes, in chapter 9 ("Abduction and Scientific Realism"), with a rewarding discussion of a well-known philosophical application of abductive reasoning. Niiniluoto applies the work he has set out in earlier chapters in order to develop and defend an abductive no-miracles argument for scientific realism. Deductive reasoning, also deductive logic, is the process of reasoning from one or more statements (premises) to reach a logically certain conclusion.. Deductive reasoning goes in the same direction as that of the conditionals, and links premises with all premises are true, the terms are clear, and the rules of deductive logic are followed, then the conclusion . Abductive reasoning allows you to take away the best conclusion. Deductive reasoning, or deduction, is making an inference based on widely accepted facts or premises. If a beverage is defined as 'drinkable through a straw,' one could use deduction to determine soup to be a . Abductive Reasoning and Learning. Editors: Gabbay, Dov M., Smets, Philippe (Eds.) Free Preview. Buy this book eBook ,89 € price for Spain (gross) Buy eBook ISBN ; Digitally watermarked, DRM-free; Included format: PDF; ebooks can be used on all reading devices.

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This book examines three areas in which abductive reasoning is especially important: medicine, science, and law. The reader is introduced to abduction and shown how it has evolved historically into the framework of conventional wisdom in logic/5(4).

Abductive Reasoning. This book examines three areas in which abductive reasoning is especially important: medicine, science, and law. The reader is introduced to abduction and shown how it has evolved historically into the framework of conventional wisdom in logic/5(13).

Abductive Reasoning: Logical Investigations into Discovery and Explanation is a much awaited original contribution to the study of abductive reasoning, providing logical foundations and a rich sample of pertinent applications.

Divided into three parts on the conceptual framework, the logical foundations, and the applications, this monograph takes the reader for a comprehensive and erudite tour through the taxonomy of abductive reasoning, via the logical workings of abductive Cited by: Abductive Cognition: The Epistemological and Eco-Cognitive Dimensions of Hypothetical Reasoning (Cognitive Systems Monographs Book 3) by Lorenzo Magnani Kindle.

This book examines three areas in which abductive reasoning is especially important: medicine, science, and law. The reader is introduced to abduction and shown how it has evolved historically into the framework of conventional wisdom in : University of Alabama Press.

Abductive Reasoning: Logical Investigations into Discovery and Explanation is a much awaited original contribution to the study of abductive reasoning, providing logical foundations and a rich sample of pertinent applications.

Divided into three parts on the conceptual framework, the logical foundations, and the applications, this monograph takes the reader for a comprehensive and Brand: Springer Netherlands. About this book Introduction Abductive Reasoning: Logical Investigations into Discovery and Explanation is a much awaited original contribution to the study of abductive reasoning, providing logical foundations and a rich sample of pertinent applications.

Abductive reasoning typically begins with an incomplete set of observations and proceeds to the likeliest possible explanation for the set. Abductive reasoning yields the kind of daily decision-making that does its best with the information at hand, which often is incomplete.

Abductive reasoning, also referred to as abductive approach is set to address weaknesses associated with deductive and inductive approaches. Specifically, deductive reasoning is criticized for the lack of clarity in terms of how to select theory to be tested via formulating hypotheses.

summary This book examines three areas in which abductive reasoning is especially important: medicine, science, and law. The reader is introduced to abduction and shown how it has evolved historically into the framework of conventional wisdom in logic.

This book examines three areas in which abductive reasoning is especially important: medicine, science, and law. The reader is introduced to abduction and shown how it has evolved historically into the framework of conventional wisdom in logic. Discussions draw upon recent techniques used Author: Douglas Walton.

Abductive Reasoning: Logical Investigations into Discovery and Explanation is a much awaited original contribution to the study of abductive reasoning, providing logical foundations and a rich sample of pertinent applications.

Divided into three parts on the conceptual framework, the logical foundations, and the applications, this monograph takes the reader for a comprehensive and. In abductive reasoning, we are looking for explanations for a given set of observations. In this task, the set of all possible ground atoms and ground clauses may not be needed to explain the observations.

Considering the fully ground network leads to increased time and memory complexity for learning and inference. Abductive Reasoning: Logical Investigations into Discovery and Explanation is a much awaited original contribution to the study of abductive reasoning, providing logical foundations and a rich sample of pertinent applications.

Divided into three parts on the conceptual Price: $ Douglas Walton's Abductive Reasoning presents both an introduction to abductive reasoning (including inference to the best explanation) and an interesting and critical assessment of the most important parts of the literature, leading to Walton's own normative theory of abduction and his advice on how we should approach a number of unsolved problems.

abductive logic abductive reasoning Adolf Hitler Alan Bullock argued argument asked August Kubizek backward beans become an artist begins biographers cause character characteristic of abductive clues decision demagogue department store world describes detective story Doyle Dupin effects Einstein Emphasis added example explain Hitler.

In Abductive Analysis, Iddo Tavory and Stefan Timmermans provide a new navigational map for theorizing qualitative research. They outline a way to think about observations, methods, and theories that nurtures theory formation without locking it into predefined conceptual boxes.

The book provides novel ways to approach the challenges that plague qualitative researchers. Reasoning is a complex and multidisciplinary area of study. This book presents a series of overviews of an array of topics in the field.

The book proceeds in a bottom-up manner by first introducing research on the brain and reasoning and working up toward social aspects of reasoning and the impacts of technology.

A great example of abductive reasoning is what a doctor does when making a medical diagnosis. Under perfect conditions, a doctor runs every test on their patient and consults the entire medical literature to compare results with established theories.

But when a patient is near-death, they can’t keep collecting data. Threeee o s o easo g Forms of Reasoning • Deduction – an analytic process based on the application of general rules to particular cases with the inference of a result • Induction – synthetic reasoning which infers the rule from the case and the result • Abduction – another form of synthetic inference but of the case from a rule and File Size: 1MB.

Abductive reasoning represents a special form of creative reasoning, firstly introduced Charles Sanders Peirce, which emerges when our existing knowledge is insufficient to explain a new experience.

There are six forms of abductive reasoning. However, a person who uses abductive reasoning to resolve doubt does not have to go through all six forms. This book examines three areas in which abductive reasoning is especially important: medicine, science, and law.

The reader is introduced to abduction and shown how it has evolved historically into the framework of conventional wisdom in logic. Hitler and Abductive Logic: The Strategy of a Tyrant Lanham, Md.: Lexington Books, “Search your feelings.

You know it to be true.” Ben Novak’s Hitler and Abductive Logic is one of the most exciting academic books I have ever read, a daring and imaginative synthesis of philosophy, history, biography, and literature. Get this from a library. Abductive reasoning. [Douglas N Walton] -- "This book examines three areas in which abductive reasoning is especially important: medicine, science, and law.

Douglas Walton introduces the foundations of abduction and shows how it has evolved. "Walton's book is a good account of abductive reasoning, especially in the field of witness testimony, or argument from expert opinion." --Artificial Intelligence and Law "Abductive Reasoning makes a significant and original contribution.

It is interdisciplinary in the right way: the drawing together of fields is demanded by the nature of the /5(4). This book examines three areas in which abductive reasoning is especially important: medicine, science, and law. The reader is introduced to abduction and shown how it has evolved historically into the framework of conventional wisdom in logic/5(4).

“Abductive Reasoning makes a significant and original contribution. It is interdisciplinary in the right way: the drawing together of fields is demanded by the nature of the problem and issues, not by ideology or administrative decree.” —Jonathan E.

Adler, author of Belief's Own Ethics. The book describes how modern technology has brought about consequences of such magnitude that old policies and ethics can no longer contain them; Abductive Cognition. The Epistemological and Eco-Cognitive Dimensions of Hypothetical Reasoning (Springer Science+Business Media, Heidelberg/Berlin, ).

Understanding Violence. This book examines three areas in which abductive reasoning is especially important: medicine, science, and law. The reader is introduced to abduction and shown how it has evolved historically into the framework of conventional wisdom in logic/5(3).

Peirce on Abduction. The term “abduction” was coined by Charles Sanders Peirce in his work on the logic of science. He introduced it to denote a type of non-deductive inference that was different from the already familiar inductive type. It is a common complaint that no coherent picture emerges from Peirce’s writings on abduction.

Abductive reasoning consists in applying norms underlying the generation of hypotheses. Theoretical Background Logic and reasoning are usually thought of in the realm of deductive reasoning which is concerned with preserving truth.Abductive reasoning, or abduction, is the process of explaining something that is experienced or observed in some way and where there is no existing knowledge to explain the phenomenon.

It creates a hypothesis that may or may not be true and which may require further work to verify.Abductive Reasoning in Science. For most scientists, abductive reasoning is a natural and instinctive process, a series of educated guesses, building upon observed phenomena and previous studies.

Even young scientists use this process to design simple school experiments. For example, a pupil may have noticed that bread appears to grow mold more quickly in the .